余岳,粟梅,孙尧,韩华.基于Stackelberg博弈的多V2M电力交易研究[J].仪器仪表学报,2017,38(10):2606-2614
基于Stackelberg博弈的多V2M电力交易研究
Multi V2M energy trading via Stackelberg game
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  多V2M  分时电价优化  Stackelberg博弈
英文关键词:multi V2M  TOU price optimization  stackelberg game theory
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61573384)项目资助
作者单位
余岳 中南大学信息科学与工程学院长沙410083 
粟梅 中南大学信息科学与工程学院长沙410083 
孙尧 中南大学信息科学与工程学院长沙410083 
韩华 中南大学信息科学与工程学院长沙410083 
AuthorInstitution
Yu Yue School of Information Science & Engineering, Central South University,Changsha 410083,China 
Su Mei School of Information Science & Engineering, Central South University,Changsha 410083,China 
Sun Yao School of Information Science & Engineering, Central South University,Changsha 410083,China 
Han Hua School of Information Science & Engineering, Central South University,Changsha 410083,China 
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中文摘要:
      提出了采用Stackelberg博弈研究多V2M分时电价交易模式的一般模型及分析方法。根据分布式发电出力和系统负荷分布,以多个含有电动汽车的微电网为研究对象,对多V2M进行博弈方分类,在场景描述的电力交易环境下建立了两级Stackelberg博弈模型;严格证明了售电主导方和购电跟随方的两级Stackelberg博弈均衡的存在,并提出了相应的求解流程,求解24 h内系统分时电价。研究将传统价格模型和Stackelberg博弈模型进行对比,算例结果证明了博弈模型的有效性,所提出的模型和结论均具有一定普适性,为多V2M系统的发展方向和管理措施提供了理论依据。
英文摘要:
      A Stackelberg game model is proposed to study TOU based trading modes in multi V2M system. According to DG’s power output and load distribution, multi V2M is classified and Stackelberg game model is established. Stackelberg game’s equilibrium with sellers and purchasers is strictly proved. The 24 hours price for the system is calculated. Taking 5 V2Ms system as a an example, the Nash equilibrium explains the system’s working process. The results on the traditional pricing model and Stackelberg game model are compared, and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed game model. The proposed model as well as the results have good adaptiveness, which can provide a theoretical basis for the development and management measures of multi V2M system.
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